Northern Stelae Park
Elevation2,131 m (6,991 ft)
CriteriaCultural: i, iv
Inscription1980 (4th Session)
Axum or Aksum (/ˈæksuːm/; Tigrinya: ኣኽሱም Ak̠ʷsəm; Amharic: አክሱም Ak̠sum) is an historic city in Tigray, Ethiopia. The town has a population of 56,500 residents (2010) and is governed as an urban wäräda.
The original capital of the Kingdom of Aksum, it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in Africa. Axum was a naval and trading power that ruled the region from about 400 BCE into the 10th century. In 1980, UNESCO added Axum's archaeological sites to its list of World Heritage Sites due to their historic value.